Sunday, 30 April 2017

TEXTILE INDUSTRY OF PAKISTAN

In 1947, at the time of independence Pakistan Textile Industry was like a feeble child with only three cotton mills, a small woolen spinning, whereas weaving, hosiery and knitwear were features of cottage industry. Now when we have entered into new millennium, Pakistan’s Textile Industry has become a stalwart fellow, which has grown in all sections. Now we are not only self-sufficient but are also exporting surplus products.

We all know, journey of textiles starts from seed and culminates at ready-to-wear garments and in present competitive world scenario, it is combination of high production efficiencies, most appropriate technologies and work methods, together with trained work force, management and marketing skills which can give any industry a successful status. Textile industry today is the backbone of economy of Pakistan and provides the major portion of total industrial jobs and very vast industrial service opportunities. It has always been the pillar of Pakistan’s economy contributing substantially to Govt. revenues. It also has a dual linkage. As a major consumer of domestic cotton, it provides a market for a leading cash crop and thus has a critical influence on the growth and productivity in agrarian sector. Hence the performance of the textile industry has a vital impact on the overall growth and development of the economy. The industry also tops, as an earner of ever-so scarce foreign exchange and exported goods about 60% of the total national exports. Its share in total GDP is 8.5%. The investment in Textile Industry is 31% of total investment. The interest that banks and other financial institutions earn from Textile sector is RS. 6 to 8 billion per annum. The salaries and wages that Textile sector provides to workers is Rs. 50 billion per annum. Its contribution to R & D is RS.215 million per annum.  This very remarkable achievement did not come easily and is due to the combined and tireless efforts of the Govt. Planners, industrialists, technical support staff and our hard working and inexpensive labor. On the top of these, Pakistan has been blessed with suitable climate and perennial supply of good quality water to grow about 2 million tons per annum of the lint cotton, “the silver fiber” that forms a natural and sound base for a viable textile industry.

Value-added product exports of Pakistan Textile industry are very less. The percentage of yarn exports in total textile exports is more than the percentage of cloth or made-ups. We should produce more value – added products to earn additional foreign exchange by exporting value – added products. To meet this objective the Decent Textile mills a reliable name in the Textile Industry of Pakistan is trying with its full capacity to produce more and more value added products and export them to the world and to bring foreign exchange in the country and participating the progress of Pakistan.

Textile Uses

Textiles have an assortment of uses, the most common of which are for clothing and containers such as bags and baskets. In the household, they are used in carpeting, upholstered furnishings, window shades, towels, covering for tables, beds, and other flat surfaces, and in art. In the workplace, they are used in industrial and scientific processes such as filtering. Miscellaneous uses include flags, backpacks, tents, nets, cleaning devices, such as handkerchiefs; transportation devices such as balloons, kites, sails, and parachutes; strengthening in composite materials such as fibre glass and industrial geotextiles, and smaller cloths are used in washing by "soaping up" the cloth and washing with it rather than using just soap.
Textiles used for industrial purposes, and chosen for characteristics other than their appearance, are commonly referred to as technical textiles. Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications, medical textiles (e.g. implants), geotextiles (reinforcement of embankments), agrotextiles (textiles for crop protection), protective clothing (e.g. against heat and radiation for fire fighter clothing, against molten metals for welders, stab protection, and bullet proof vests. In all these applications stringent performance requirements must be met. Woven of threads coated with zinc oxide nanowires, laboratory fabric has been shown capable of "self-powering nanosystems" using vibrations created by everyday actions like wind or body movement.


0 comments:

Post a Comment

Get in Inbox - Enter Email

Delivered by FeedBurner

Total Pageviews

Contact Me

Name

Email *

Message *

Popular Readings